Phlebotomy is the act or process of collecting blood from patients for laboratory and medical purposes. The blood is usually extracted from veins, arteries and capillaries. The person performing the procedure is called Phlebotomist. Phlebotomy is mostly done in a hospital setting.
Phlebotomy was started 2,000 years ago and done by health care practitioners.This article will be dealing with phlebotomy. The discussion will focus on meaning, history, procedure, and everything that you need to know about phlebotomy.
We will discuss the history about phlebotomy. Phlebotomy was first pertained to as bloodletting. It was performed by ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. They practiced bloodletting to diagnosed and treat diseases. Until the time of Hippocrates come. The barbers were allowed to perform the procedure upon the endorsement of doctors. First, they will dilate the vein, cut it, and then collect the blood using a flask or container. People find the procedure painful for the patients and it is not an accurate way to diagnose a disease. That was the time they discovered the procedure about phlebotomy.
In phlebotomy, phlebotomist first cleans the area of the skin to wipe out any dirt and prevent contamination. Then, used a sterile syringe to pierce the skin and extract the amount of blood needed for the test. After the extraction, the skin puncture will be dressed to avoid swelling due to blood clot under the skin. After the procedure, phlebotomist must discard the used syringe properly to avoid the spread of bacteria and communicable diseases.
Today, phlebotomy is used to diagnose numbers of diseases like excessive iron disease also known as Hemochromatosis; excessive red blood cell disease or Polycythemia Vera and enzyme deficiency or Porphyria Cutanea Tarda. Phlebotomy is also used for blood sampling diagnosis and blood transfer or transfusion. Almost all the people now learned about phlebotomy and are usually done by certified professionals, medical doctors, medical technologists, nurses and certified phlebotomy technician or phlebotomist.
To be able to practice phlebotomy, you need to have a proper training. It will be necessary for you to have a basic education, college preparatory and college degree. After completing those requirements, you will be mandated to undergo a phlebotomy training program for you to be able to get a certification. There are a lot of schools that are offering phlebotomy training so it will not be difficult for you to pursue this career. You need to familiarize yourself about phlebotomy before you can be a phlebotomist.