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Phlebotomy equipments

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Collection tubes – Intended to fill a fixed amount of blood.  The codes used in labeling the rubber stoppers should be in different colors according to the sample color they hold. The tubes come in different sizes. NEVER transfer blood samples from one tube to another as the tubes may contain dissimilar coatings or additives. Once their used, they should be cleaned and stored in dry and tidy place.

Needles – The estimated number signifies the bore extent, therefore the smaller the estimated number the larger the needle bore. For the evacuated methods, the needles are accessible and with syringe use, in either single draw or butterfly method they are used.

Adapter/Holder – Used with evacuated collection apparatus. The holder should be non-flammable.

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Tourniquet –Clean with alcohol and change often.

Alcohol wipes –It should always be maintain at 70% isopropyl alcohol

Providone –This iodine wipes have their use in drawing blood cultures.

Gauze sponges –Once the needle is withdrawn from the skin their used to dry the skin surface.

Tapes/ adhesive bandages –Used to protect the venipuncture site after blood samples are collected.

Needle disposal –After using a needle it should NEVER be bend, reused or broken instead it is good to dump it in a proper needle disposal unit. The dumping must be right away after their use.

Gloves –There worn to protect both the phlebotomy technician and the patient from any contamination. Phlebotomist puts them on. Gloves are made of rubber, latex or vinyl. They should be disposed like the needles and not reused.

Syringes – Used in special cases to substitute evacuated collection tube

Vacutainer tube –Depressed into a needle to start removing blood from a patient

Microtainers –This is one of microcollection tube used in blood collecting from either the heel or the finger. This method of collecting blood sample is mostly for patients who are elderly or small children and patients with difficult veins.

Fecal occult blood examination –Used to test for colorectal cancer by spotting any unseen blood in the stool specimen. The cards in the examination pack have a guiac paper that react with the blood portion causing a blue color to show once the developer is introduce.

Urine dipsticks –used for chemical testing of urine

Butterfly needles –draws blood from patients who has delicate veins.

Safety transfer equipments –protects the phlebotomists from accidental stick of a needle during blood transfer from a syringe to tubes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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